Foreign nationals can file asylum claim at port of entry or claim refugee protection inside Canada if they fear persecution or danger to their life if they return to their country of citizenship or of usual residence.
The Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB) is an independent board that makes decisions on immigration and refugee matters.
The IRB decides who is a Convention refugee or a person in need of protection.
Convention refugees are outside their home country or the country they normally live in. They’re not able to return because of a well-founded fear of persecution based on